European Biofuels Markets
Development of sustainable advanced biofuels is part of the Strategy for a Sustainable European Bioeconomy proposed by the European Commission in February 2012 to shift the European economy towards greater and more sustainable use of renewable resources and processes (for food, feed, energy and industry).
The plan focuses on three key aspects: developing new technologies and processes for the bioeconomy; developing markets and competitiveness in bioeconomy sectors; and pushing policymakers and stakeholders to work more closely together.
The EU bioeconomy currently has a turnover of nearly €2 trillion (2012) and employs more than 22 million people, 9% of total employment in the EU. It includes agriculture, forestry, fisheries, food and pulp and paper production, as well as parts of chemical,biotechnological and energy industries. Each euro invested in EU-funded bioeconomy research and innovation is estimated to trigger €10 of value added in bioeconomy sectors by 2025.
JEC biofuels programme
The JEC Biofuels Programme (2008-2010) assessed the possible biofuel implementation scenarios for achieving EU renewable energy targets in the transport sector by 2020. These scenarios were assessed by modelling and other analyses.
The above presentation is copyright of the JEC Biofuels Programme. "The documents, tables and figures presented herein in reversed chronological order can be freely used and reproduced providing that:
1. The source is duly acknowledged stating:
"JEC - Joint Research Centre-EUCAR-CONCAWE collaboration, title of the study, version, year of release"
2. The tables and figures, if copied from the original documents, are not altered in any way."
Key Messages of the JEC Biofuels Programme
[Source: JEC Biofuels Programme]
A complex path comprising several options exists to achieve the target of 10% renewable energy in the transport sector (see RED Directive)
- Today's vehicles are E10 (from MY 2005) and B7 compatible
- compatibility of vehicles with higher biofuel blends still to be proven and will require time, testing and investment
- Compatibility of existing logistics infrastructure with higher grade is uncertain
- FQD Article 7a GHG target was not achieved in the scenarios chosen in the JEC analysis
- Coordinated development of CEN specifications is needed for higher grades
- Higher blends must be fully utillised in order to approach RED/FQD targets
- Significant questions regarding sustainability, pace of development, and imports
- Given uncertainties, ethanol and FAME are in the range needed for the RED-% target
- Pace of non-conventional biofuel production and HVO/BtL uptake by aviation sector are especially important
- Attractiveness of different scenarios will vary by Member State
- Non-road contributions to RED-% target are inmportant
- Potential exists for higher biodiesel blends to be used in non-road transport to meet targets but will require time, testing and investment
- Higher biodiesel blends could also be used in non-ropad transport to meet EU regulatory targets
- Costs and investments could be significant and were not evaluated in the JEC Biofuels Programme
- Maintaining consumer confidence in fuel and biofuel strategy is critical
Previous EU Supported Research, Development and Demonstration activities and Related Studies
BIODIENET - Developing a network of actors to stimulate demand for locally produced biodiesel from used cooking oils (EIE/06/090/S12.448899)
BioDieNet aims to involve Energy Agencies across Europe in the local production and distribution of biodiesel from used cooking oils (UCO), stimulating demand for higher concentrations of this biofuel. The 17 partners in 10 regions will form a network to share expertise and experience and provide specific, practical information, education, dedicated tools and support to help set up and maintain projects which result in greater uptake of locally-produced biodiesel by public and private vehicle fleets as well as individual vehicle owners.
BIODIESEL CHAINS - Promoting favourable conditions to establish biodiesel market actions (EIE/05/113/S12.420022)
The Biodiesel Chains project aims to understand & promote favourable conditions for the establishment of biodiesel market chains in selected countries which have had limited developments to date. The work focuses on countries – Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania & Bulgaria – that are making limited progress in creating markets to achieve European liquid biofuel policies & targets.
BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Web-based Biofuel Marketplace for Supporting the e-commerce of Biofuel Products and Technologies (EIE/05/022/S12.420009)
The Biofuel Marketplace project will act as an interactive web-based forum where Europe’s biofuel actors can promote their technologies, exchange ideas, sell and buy biofuel products, disseminate results of national, international and European research activities and raise the awareness both of the public and the professional community. The on-line supply and demand information system is expected to encourage the further exploitation of the EU biofuels potential.
BIOGASMAX - Biogas Market Expansion to 2020
(FP6 - 019795)
The overall goal of this project is to reduce dependency on oil, reduce greenhouse gases and direct emissions through increased and more efficient production, distribution and use of biogas in the transport sector generated from a wide variety of feedstock available in urban areas and regions in Europe. The project adopts the well-to-wheel approach to identify the potential for efficiency gains and cost optimisation to ensure market expansion. It aims to prove the technical reliability, cost-effectiveness, environmental and societal benefits of biogas fuels and perform large-scale demonstrations to optimise industrial processes, experiment and benchmark new and near-to market techniques and expand biogas fleets as well as to identify and assess ways to remove technical, operational, organisational/institutional barriers, which can inhibit or prevent alternative motor fuels and energy efficient vehicles from entering the market.
Biofuels in Motion (IEE)
Aims to increase the use, knowledge and acceptance of biofuels. An international cluster of relevant actors and seven biofuel information centres will be established. A number of highly visible examples, or "beacons", will be used to demonstrate the use of various raw materials for the production of different biofuels on a commercial scale. The BioMotion Tour, with vehicles powered by several types of biofuels, will show the advantages of using biofules. The project should encourage the development of biofuel supply chains and highlight market opportunities, particularly in rural areas. In addition to professional advice, the project contains specific motivation and PR actions aimed at particular target groups in accordance with the motto: Bio fuels in Motion by Information and Motivation.
BIOPROM Bioenergy-Promotion - Overcoming the non-technical barriers
of project-implementation for bioenergy in condensed urban environments
Website Further information
This project aimed to overcome non-technical constraints of the realisation of bio-energy projects in densely populated urban areas and to bring bioenergy projects on their way by establishing a network of actors and stakeholders of the bioenergy sector in five European regions. Biogas, biofuel, wood chip and wood pellet projects are considered within the project. The five different EU regions involved in this project lie in France, Slovenia, Austria and Germany.
BOOSTING BIO - Boosting Bioenergy in Europe
Website Further information
The main aim of this project was to boost bioenergy use in Europe through targeted actions in 2005 and 2006, developing a vision for bioenergy in 7 EU Member States and consultation with policy makers and private companies. The vision for bioenergy will be worked out with a strategy to develop bioenergy further, based on a market analysis where financial instruments will be taken into account. This strategy will be integrated with views from national decision makers and industries in order to evaluate it.
CAB-CEP (BIOFUELS CITIES) - Biofuel Cities European Partnership (FP6 - 020085)
The Biofuel Cities project develops and maintains the 'Biofuel Cities European Partnership' in order to demonstrate the broadscale use of new and innovative biofuel technologies. Biofuel Cities covers the complete chain from feedstock to biofuels production, distribution and utilisation in vehicle fleets. The 'Biofuel Cities European Partnership' is set up with the aim to become a permanent institution.
CARBON LABELLING - Carbon Efficiency Labelling & Bio-Blending for Optimising benefits of Biodiesel & Additive Use (EIE/06/015/S12.442654)
The Carbon Labelling project implements several labelling measures in Europe which focus on transportation products and services with low CO2 emissions. The project promotes biodiesel, fuel efficiency improvements and ‘low carbon’ freight services. This first European carbon labelling initiative helps meeting greenhouse gas reduction targets of the European Union, reduces petroleum dependence and helps to combat climate change.
ELOBIO Effective and Low-disturbing Biofuels (EIE-07-139-S12.467616)
This project develops low-disturbing policy options, enhancing biofuels but minimising the impacts on e.g. food and feed markets, and markets of biomass for power and heat. The project consists of a review of current experiences with biofuels and other RE policies and their impacts on other markets, iterative stakeholder-supported development of low-disturbing biofuels policies, model-supported assessment of these policies' impacts on food & feed and lignocellulosic markets, and finally an assessment of the selected optimal policies on biofuels costs and potentials.
HyLights - Hydrogen for Transport in Europe (FP6 - 019990)
Website Further information
This is a coordination action that aims to accelerate the commercialisation of hydrogen and fuel cells in the field of transport in Europe on the basis that hydrogen enables the transport sector to phase in renewable energies on the path to cleaner mobility. HyLights will draw on a network of relevant experts. For this purpose an European Partnership for Hydrogen in Transport (EPHT ) will be established to extend the reach of the European Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Platform (HFP).
MADEGASCAR - Market development for gas driven cars (IEE)
MADEGASCAR (Market development for gas driven cars) is a project operating from September 2007 to January 2010, funded by the IEE programme. The project aims at developing the market for gas driven vehicles – natural gas and biomethane fuelled vehicles – with the overall goal to increase the number of energy efficient and alternative fuelled vehicles in European countries. The project will address existing barriers by creating more acceptance on the consumer side, educating fleet owners as well as car dealers, incentive programmes and by awareness raising and information activities. On the other side activities for a better supply infrastructure (fuel stations) and market structure, including the integration of biogas, will be carried out.
PREMIA - R&D, demonstration and incentive programmes effectiveness
to facilitate and secure market introduction of alternative motor fuels
(FP6 - 503081)
Website Further information
This a Specific Support Action that aims to assess the effectiveness of measures to support the market introduction of alternative motor fuels, taking into account the national context of member states. Three categories of fuels are envisaged: bio fuels, natural gas and hydrogen. Certain alternative fuels are closer to market maturity than others. Bio fuels could achieve market maturity rather soon (estimated up to 2010), while hydrogen is much further away (estimated up to 2020). Although a general European approach is most obvious, country-specific conditions and constraints may require different approaches in different countries. The strategy to introduce alternative motor fuels is best adapted to the specific country legislation, the available resources (e.g. land for bio fuels), supply opportunities and available energy sources and available infrastructure - so especially for the new member Countries a specific approach may be needed.
PRO-BIODIESEL Overcoming Non-Technological Barriers For Full-Scale
Use of Biodiesel In Europe (Altener EIE-05-111)
The general objective of this project was to promote biodiesel as a competitive and commercial product in the European fuel market, using the broadest range of raw materials both from North and South-Europe and considering all the agents involved. One of the aims was to successfully put in the market 35,000 t/year of biodiesel, which represents an increases of 2.3% biodiesel on the production of EU-25 in 2003.
REFUEL Renewable Fuels for a Sustainable Europe
The object of this project is to develop a roadmap for biofuels to reach a target market penetration in 2030 in an effective way. It expects to deliver a meaningful road map that is consistent with EU policies and which has been discussed and agreed by a wide range of stakeholders resulting in a biofuels scenario consistent with a target market penetration in 2030 together with a design of the required supply chain and market structure, the assessment of costs and potentials and the short and long term barriers to implementation.
VIEWLS: Clear Views on Clean Fuels
- Data, Potentials, Scenarios, Markets and Trade of Biofuels
(FP5 - NNE5 – 00619)
The aim of this project was to bring together information and future perspectives concerning the use of biofuels for transportation. It aimed to assist policy makers, NGO's and industrial decision makers in the selection of optimal pathways for the development and market introduction of biofuels in Europe. The project has now ended and many of the features have been transferred to the coordination project Biofuel Cities
ZERO REGIO - Lombardia & Rhein-Main towards Zero Emission: Development & Demonstration
of Infrastructure Systems for Alternative Motor Fuels (Bio-fuels and Hydrogen)
(FP6 - 503190)
Website Further information
This project has the overall objective of developing low-emission transport systems for European cities. The specific objectives of the project are to demonstrate the use of hydrogen as an alternative motor fuel, produced as primary or waste stream in a chemical plant or via on-site production facilities; development of infrastructure systems for alternative motor fuels ( bio-fuels & hydrogen) and integrating them in conventional refuelling stations. This will include demonstration of 700 bar refuelling technology for hydrogen blends of bio-fuels in fuel flexible vehicles, demonstration of alternative fuels via. automobile-fleet field tests at two different urban locations in the EU, Rhein-Main, Germany and Lombardia, Italy and demonstrating ways and prospects for faster penetration of low-emission alternative motor fuels in the market at short and medium term.